There are several alveolate groups outside the well-studied trio – ciliates, dinoflagellates, and apicomplexans – that are crucial for understanding the evolution of this major taxon. One such assemblage is the “colponemids”, which are eukaryotrophic biflagellates, usually with a ventral groove associated with the posterior flagellum. Previous phylogenetic studies show colponemids forming up to three distinct deep branches within alveolates (e.g. sister groups to Myzozoa or all other alveolates). We have developed dieukaryotic (predator–prey) cultures of four colponemid isolates. One represents the first stable culture of the halophile Palustrimonas (feeding on Pharyngomonas), while SSU rDNA phylogenies show the other isolates as two distinct new lineages. Neocolponema saponarium gen. et sp. nov. is a swimming alkaliphile with a large groove, which feeds on a kinetoplastid. Loeffela hirca gen. et sp. nov. is halophilic, has a subtle groove, usually moves along surfaces, and feeds on Pharyngomonas and Percolomonas. Prey capture in both new genera is raptorial, involves a specialized structure/region to the right of the proximal posterior flagellum, and presumed extrusomes. The relationships amongst Myzozoa, ciliates, and the (now) five described colponemid clades are unresolved, signaling that colponemid diversity represents both a challenge and important resource for tracing deep alveolate evolution.