Sargassum Management Brief

Executive Summary

“In 2011, the shores of several Caribbean islands and West African countries were inundated by unprecedented quantities of pelagic sargassum. Since then, influxes of this golden-brown seaweed have become a recurrent event in both the Caribbean Sea and West Africa, with observers in these regions reporting levels reaching a critical highin 2018”(Hinds et al., 2016). Some piles of stranded sargassum towered several meters high on beaches, and affected bays were covered with dense floating clusters of the seaweed. Finding ways to clean-up sargassum from coastal ecosystems has become a priority for the region. The recent and likely recurring seaweed influxes have given rise to a number of socio-ecological and economic concerns, particularly in the hospitality and fisheries sectors, as well as threatening already fragile and often endangered coastal ecosystems such as mangroves and seagrass beds. The good news is that these negative effects do not seem to persist when the sargassum is removed, with the physicochemical quality of the water returning to its prior state (Anses, 2017). Cleaning-up large quantities of sargassum is however no easy or cheap feat. Strandings have so far proven to be highly variable in terms of quantity and sites affected, making these irregular events hard to predict and therefore mitigate. A recent estimate suggests that it will take at least $120 million to clean up the sargassum inundations across the Caribbean (Milledge and Harvey, 2016). “The sustainable management of sargassum influxes will require both local action and regional co-ordination and collaboration, beyond areas under national jurisdiction. A better understanding of the geographic origin, causes, spatial and temporal patterns, management options, as well as the economic potential of sargassum is necessary if adaptive strategies are to be implemented” (Hinds et al., 2016). This management brief, adapted from Hinds et al. (CERMES/GCFI/SPAW Management Brief, 2016), focuses on the
immediate problem of clean-up aftermass strandings of the weed, helping coastal communities find effective solutions for the collection and use of sargassum.


Management Brief Purpose

  • Highlight the urgency of the sargassum problem.
  • Assist government officials, coastal managers, beach caretakers and coastal residents by offering guidance on how best to sustainably manage the sargassum, based on up-to-date information on the recent ‘sargassum
influxes’ and lessons learnt to date. 
  • Present feasible, cost-effective and environmentally sound solutions for removing sargassum close to shore and on beaches in the least damaging way. 
  • Present a range of solutions adapted to local conditions and the varying volume of sargassum influxes.The variety of coastal ecosystems throughout the Caribbean requires a range of solutions adapted to each location.
  • “Propose short and long-term mitigation strategies to reduce the impacts of sargassum events” (Hinds et al, 2016).
  • Present current solutions for the use and valorization of collected sargassum.
  • Help local stakeholders gain a better understanding of the phenomenon, by “providing information on aspects of the biology and ecology of sargassum, what the most recent science is saying about the source and cause of this new phenomenon in the Caribbean region, as well as potential value-added uses. This contextual information is necessary to alleviate fears and misconceptions about sargassum and to encourage persons to adopt the most sustainable management practices” (Hinds et al., 2016).
  • Promote stakeholder engagement.



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