ROADMAP TOWARDS EFFECTIVE FISHERIES MANAGEMENT ON THE CARIBBEAN NETHERLANDS
EXCERPT FROM: MAS PISKA PA BONEIRU: A SOCIAL MAPPING STUDY OF THE FISHERIES SECTOR OF BONAIRE, ST. EUSTATIUS AND SABA.
For the special municipalities of the Netherlands, Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba, the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality is responsible for the proper management of fisheries in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) around the islands and, together with the island authorities is responsible for the proper management of fisheries in the territorial sea (TS). The Caribbean Netherlands, either as special municipalities of the Netherlands or through the Kingdom of the Netherlands, participate in- and cooperate with global and regional efforts for fisheries management through adherence to international instruments and participation in international bodies. By becoming a party to a legally binding instrument, that party is legally bound to the obligations therein. Currently, the Caribbean Netherlands – either as special municipality of the Netherlands or as part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands has committed to the following instruments and international treaties with relevance to fisheries:
- Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life Below Water1
- Cartagena Convention: Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife Protocol (SPAW) • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS); 1982
- The Migratory Shark Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)
- Inter-American Sea Turtle Convention (IAC) Caracas, Venezuela, December 1 1996.
- Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)
- The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)
- 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement
- Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance
- International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI)
- Western Hemisphere Migratory Species Initiative (WHMSI)
- The Western Central Atlantic Fisheries Commission (WECAFC)