Restoration of Resilience of Nature and Society in the Caribbean Netherlands


Significance and Relevance

Multiple stressors (e.g., pollution, eutrophication, sedimentation, coastal development, overfishing, coral disease, ocean warming, and ocean acidification) are threatening the health and survival of coral reef ecosystems globally • Healthy coral reefs are more resistant to adverse effects of multiple-stressors • Guidance is needed to apply reef resilience to support coral reefs and the benefits reefs provide (ecosystem services).* • A resilience-based approach monitors the stress tolerance of coral reef ecosystems, promotes recovery and facilitate adaptation by integrating all aspects of the coupled social-ecological system*


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