Loos, L.M. van

Macroalgae of Statia

During the Statia Marine Expedition species-habitat relations of algal communities were explored to identify biodiversity patterns, to assess whether certain species are unique to a particular environment and if species are clustered by chance or clustered by habitat preference. 

 

This article was published in the following report:

MARINE BIODIVERSITY SURVEY OF ST. EUSTATIUS, DUTCH CARIBBEAN 2015 by Naturalis Biodiversity Center and the Netherlands ANEMOON Foundation

Date
2016
Data type
Other resources
Theme
Research and monitoring
Geographic location
St. Eustatius

Beta diversity of macroalgal communities around St. Eustatius, Dutch Caribbean

This study provides a baseline of the marine algal flora composition around St. Eustatius, Dutch Caribbean, by describing algal community structure in terms of species richness and beta diversity, and by providing a taxonomically reliable DNA barcode collection. A total of 156 species was found, including 91 that represent new records for St. Eustatius. Subtidal assemblages (126 species) and intertidal assemblages (48 species) showed little overlap. Algae assemblages in seagrass beds differed from those on hard substrates in species composition. In addition, seagrass communities contained a relatively high number of associated green algae species. Artificial substrates (such as shipwrecks) mimicked natural hard substrates in terms of species richness and composition, but missed some key species that characterize natural reef floras. Species accumulation curves and asymptotic species richness estimators show that the expected species richness is higher than the observed number of species, indicating that additional sampling is needed to record rare species. The phylogenetic trees provided in this study identified the presence of cryptic species and fills knowledge gaps in our understanding of Caribbean macroalgae.

Date
2016
Data type
Scientific article
Theme
Research and monitoring
Tags
Geographic location
St. Eustatius

First Atlantic record of the green alga Parvocaulis exiguus from St. Eustatius, Dutch Caribbean

The Polyphysaceae is a well-studied family of green algae occurring in tropical and warm-temperate regions around the world. One of its species, Parvocaulis exiguus (Solms-Laubach) S. Berger et al. (Phycologia 42:506–561, 2003), has previously been reported from both the Indian and the Pacific Oceans. This report presents the first record of Parvocaulis exiguus from the Atlantic Ocean. It was collected at 18 m depth from rocky substrata surrounded by seagrass off the Dutch Windward Caribbean island St. Eustatius. Owing to its small size and close resemblance to co-occurring species, it is possible that this species has been previously overlooked in the Atlantic. Although Polyphysaceae have been intensively studied in the Caribbean and other Atlantic regions, this is not the case for subtidal algal vegetation on St. Eustatius. Parvocaulis exiguus could have been present for a longer time around St. Eustatius or it could have been introduced with shipping. Future investigations may show if Parvocaulis exiguus will be observed in additional locations in the Caribbean.

Date
2016
Data type
Scientific article
Theme
Research and monitoring
Geographic location
St. Eustatius